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试论造像中原北方早期弥勒造像

发布时间: 2008-4-22


预读:是弥足珍贵的文化遗产。中国早期弥勒造像作为印度佛教初传的遗迹以及中国弥勒造像进展演变的源头,尤为值得探讨考证。本论文结合美术学、考古学、历史学学科的相关材料,综合利用统计、比较及分类等策略重点考察中原北方早期弥勒造像:立像、双跏像、倚坐像、交脚像以及半跏像,以图像特点与造像风格的探讨视角,将中原北方早期弥试论造像中原北方早期弥勒造像
论文中文摘要:弥勒造像作为佛教造像的一个重要内容与特殊题材,无论以美术史、美术考古以及佛教艺术角度,都是弥足珍贵的文化遗产。中国早期弥勒造像作为印度佛教初传的遗迹以及中国弥勒造像进展演变的源头,尤为值得探讨考证。本论文结合美术学、考古学、历史学学科的相关材料,综合利用统计、比较及分类等策略重点考察中原北方早期弥勒造像:立像、双跏像、倚坐像、交脚像以及半跏像,以图像特点与造像风格的探讨视角,将中原北方早期弥勒造像并置于一个进展演变的系统:印度弥勒造像的源头——东晋十六国时期弥勒造像的图像特点与造像风格——南北朝时期弥勒造像的进展演变,通过对弥勒造像在时间上的排序和空间上的比较,考察其图像特点与造像风格的进展演变。

【English Abstract】 Maitreya statues are considered as the most important content and special theme of Buddhism statues. No matter from which angle - Art history, Art archaeology or Buddhist art, it is extraordinary precious cultural heritage. The early Maitreya statue is the original repc of the propagation of India Buddhism and the evolutional source of Chinese Maitreya statues, which is worth exploring and doing research.This paper will focus on the early Maitreya Statues in Northern Central Plains: Standing Buddha,Contemplating with double leg in the lap,Seated Buddha ,Sitting crossed at the ankles with feet on the ground,Contemplating with one leg in the lap. We combine all the related materials together including art, archaeology and history and use statistics, comparison, classifications methods comprehensively. From the point view of images and statues-style research, we put the early Maitreya Statues in an evolutional system:the resources of India Buddhism——The image features and status’s styles during the period of Sixteen Kingdoms of Eastern Jin Dynasty——The evolution of Maitreya Statues during the period of southern and Northern dynasties. Through the comparison of time sort and space of Maitreya statue, the article put forward the research of the images and statues in style.

【关键词】 中原北方; 弥勒造像; 图像特点;
【Key words】 the Northern Central Plains; Maitreya Statues; image features;
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