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论水墨科学与艺术的联姻:水墨动画

发布时间: 2010-9-9


预读:论水墨科学与艺术的联姻:水墨动画
论文中文摘要:以20世纪60年代到80年代末,中国动画在传统水墨画基础上创造了独特的水墨动画,其独具特点的意象造型、笔墨情趣和深厚的文化底蕴,成为动画“中国学派”最具代表的艺术特点。水墨动画把中国动画的民族化推向新的高峰,在国际上获得了很高的荣誉,奠定了动画“中国学派”的地位,也是对世界动画进展的杰出贡献。然而自20世纪90年代后,因为制作工艺的繁杂、影视语言的缺失和外在市场经济的冲击等多重理由,水墨动画的创作陷于停滞状态。随着时代的变迁和数字技术的进展,水墨动画又开始焕发出新的活力,唤醒了国人心中沉睡已久的水墨动画情怀。论文以科学与艺术结合的角度,探讨了利用数字技术制作水墨动画的路径,包括二维水墨和三维水墨,深入探讨了水墨动画数字制作在非真实渲染、数字模拟和镜头运动等方面的难点和解决思路。数字技术的运用,使得水墨动画制作效率大为提升,同时丰富了水墨动画的影视语言,在数字特效、游戏、新媒体展示等领域拓展了水墨动画的艺术体现领域。通过对传统水墨动画兴衰和水墨动画数字化历程的深入浅析,我们应认识到全球化浪潮下中国动画只有坚持民族性才能赢得国际地位,同时以开放的心态面对商业社会,采取现代动画的产业方式,为国家的文化产业战略服务。在数字技术的运用上,不能盲目崇拜,而应将传统文化精髓与现代科技结合,让技术为艺术服务,把技术融入艺术中,回归艺术的本质。

【English Abstract】 From the 60’s to the late 80’s of 20th century, based on the traditional ink-wash painting, Chinese animation created a unique ink-wash animation, developed some national characteristics and representative artistic features, and made the foundation of“Chinese School”. Particularly, ink-wash animation won world prizes for many times, and showed its outstanding contribution to the development of world animation. However, since the 90’s in the 20th century, because of the comppcated production process, the lack of film language and the impact of external market economy, ink-wash animation creation stalled.With the changing times and the development of digital technology, ink-wash animation began to glow with new vitapty, and awakened the hearts of ink-wash animation feepngs. From the perspective of science and art combined, paper explore the path of digital technology to produce ink-wash animation, including the two-dimensional and three-dimensional ink-wash animation, and study the solutions in non-photoreapstic rendering, digital simulation and motion of camera. The use of digital technology, making the ink animation production efficiency and greatly improve, enrich the film and television language, and expand display areas such as digital special effects, games and new media.Through the analysis of traditional and digital ink-wash animation, we will have to insist the nationapty, while using modern animation industry model for country’s cultural industry strategy. On the use of digital technology, we will return to the essence of art combining the traditional culture and modern technology.

【关键词】 动画; 水墨动画; 数字动画; 数字化; 影视语言;
【Key words】 Animation; Ink-wash Animation; Digital Animation; Digitapze; Film and Television Art Language;
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