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研究北周北周佛教美术

发布时间: 2012-5-8


预读:格上呈现出显著的差别。“秀骨清像”式造像为一种面相浑圆,身体丰壮的造像风格所取代,而这种风格的源头则来自南朝。此外,莫高窟北周窟另一个显著特点是千佛图像面积增大,佛传、本生故事等原本重要的佛画内容被移至洞窟的次要位置,这种变化显系受洛阳巩县石窟的影响。这反映出,北周造像的形成受两方面因素的影响,一是承袭洛阳研究北周北周佛教美术
论文中文摘要:在敦煌莫高窟中,同处于宇文氏政权下的西魏和北周洞窟,在造像风格上呈现出显著的差别。“秀骨清像”式造像为一种面相浑圆,身体丰壮的造像风格所取代,而这种风格的源头则来自南朝。此外,莫高窟北周窟另一个显著特点是千佛图像面积增大,佛传、本生故事等原本重要的佛画内容被移至洞窟的次要位置,这种变化显系受洛阳巩县石窟的影响。这反映出,北周造像的形成受两方面因素的影响,一是承袭洛阳本有因素,另一个主要影响则来自南朝。本论文分上下两篇对北周佛教美术源流进行探讨,上篇为其流变历程,下篇为个案探讨,以作必要补充。

【English Abstract】 There are significant differences in the statues style of the caves of Western Wei and Northern Zhou dynasties in Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes, under the emperor, Yu Wen Shi’s regime. That is: "Xiugu Qing type of imaging" was replaced by the statue of a stronger and abundant body with a rounded face, and the origin of this statue style was from the statue style of Southern dynasty. In addition, that the Thousand-Buddha-image area was extended, and the Buddhist painting of Buddha stories, Jataka stories etc. which were originally important content were moved to secondary position of the cave, is another distinctive feature in the Northern Zhou Cave of Mogao Grottoes. This change took place due to the influence of Gongxian Grottoes of Luoyang, from which it shows that the formation of the Northern Zhou statues was influenced by two factors, one factor is that the Northern Zhou statues inherited the style Luoyang statues, another major influence is from the statue style of Southern Dynasties. My research is divided into two parts studying on the origin and development of Buddhist art during the Northern Zhou Dynasty, the first part deals with its process of historical development, while the second part focus on special cases’study as a essential supplement.

【关键词】 莫高窟; 北周; 郑法士; 千佛;
【Key words】 Mogao Grottoes; Northern Zhou Dynasty; Zheng fashi; Thousand-Buddha;
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