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皮影戏当代城市化进程中的皮影艺术嬗变探讨

发布时间: 2010-3-4


预读:lay as a part of urban culture. Therefore, the author is wilpng to research the transformation of urban shadow play from the point of cultural features’changing, aiming to provide a new perspective to the research on cultural heritage.This paper based on field research and the results of previous s皮影戏当代城市化进程中的皮影艺术嬗变探讨
论文中文摘要:中国皮影戏是拥有悠久历史的综合性民间传统艺术,于2006年5月入选国务院公布的518项《第一批国家级非物质文化遗产名录》,并于次年进行了申报单位项目的扩展。中国现代作用的皮影戏探讨肇始于二十世纪前期,侧重于探讨影戏的起源、形成与流变,直到八十年代以后才在横向和纵向探讨上均取得了长足进展,其中,以民俗学、美术史、工艺美术学的学者成就较大,进入新世纪后,多学科门类的学者积极介入皮影戏的考察,但以专题性探讨和个案探讨为主。而本论文则将皮影作为城市文化的一部分来关注,致力于以文化功能嬗变的角度探讨城市皮影戏的转型,这个领域还有着着很大的探讨空间。本论文采取文本探讨法、比较探讨法、深度访谈法等,立足于笔者田野调查搜集和前人探讨的成果,结合民俗学、民艺学、文化产业学等学科的相关知识用五个部分的内容来阐述当代城市化进程中的皮影艺术嬗变情况。绪论以选题缘起、探讨内容与探讨近况等方面对本论文进行了综合概述,交代了探讨基调。第一章简述中国皮影戏作为汉人农耕文化的产物所经的历史阶段以及沉浮兴衰、变异更新千年却绵延不绝至今的历史背景。第二章在总结皮影的历史社会功能基础上,以城市进展和文化功能视角探讨在当代社会体制变革和民俗文化变迁背景下,皮影随着城市化进程的加速而转型的必定性。第三章以田野调查内容为依托,寻求京沪两地的城市皮影在多年城市化进程中的进展轨迹、方式和理由以及基于此的文化解释,摸索出皮影艺术以农村、乡镇走进城市并且与时尚的城市文化融合后转变出的新的体现形式,在新的文化风气下随着不同的城市文化而重新解构整合的特性。第四章重新审视了非物质文化遗产保护与城市的联系,确立了皮影戏在城市化进程中新的定位以及在城市中的未来进展前景,同时,聚焦城市在非物质文化遗产保护中的角色以探讨当今文化市场氛围下皮影戏的文化产业化,力求探讨皮影戏在新的存活环境中后续进展的合理轨迹,在保持其文化基因谱系连续性的同时寻找新的存活价值、发掘出当代皮影所承载的新的社会功能,并找到实现这种功能的具体存活实践和文化变迁的途径。在我国的文化产业政策之下,全面考虑如何克服传统文化传承的瓶颈,以期进一步讨论在这种古老的传统艺术严重衰落凋零的今天,如何走上良性嬗变转型之路,进而激发皮影的革新和再生产,使中国皮影戏在现代语境下寻求新的存活和进展空间。本论文的主要观点体现在:皮影戏的存活环境由农耕社会转变为市场经济社会,目前处在城市化转型的重要历史阶段,它的嬗变具有历史必定性,具体体现在它功能的变异、内容的改良和形式的革新上。皮影戏嬗变与城市化之间的联系是相互的,在这个历程中皮影艺术本身和参与到其中的对象都能得到有益的进展。当代皮影戏的嬗变之路就是皮影戏的现代化转型之路,皮影戏的文化产业化是激发其革新能力和文化再生产能力的有效手段,这种转变和调整将满足和适应于不同时代和不同人群的文化需求。

【English Abstract】 Chinese shadow play has a long history of integrated traditional folk art in China, which is chosen into the first batch of State-level intangible cultural heritage, and the following year expended the declaration of the project. The study of shadow play in Chinese modern significance began in the early 20th century, focusing on the origin, formation and evolution. Since 1980th, both horizontal and vertical research had made considerable progress, especially related to folklore, art history, and crafts. After entering the new century, many academic discippnes involve in the investigation of shadow play actively, but the thematic studies and case studies tend into the mainstream. So there is a lot of gaps in shadow play study, especially taking shadow play as a part of urban culture. Therefore, the author is wilpng to research the transformation of urban shadow play from the point of cultural features’changing, aiming to provide a new perspective to the research on cultural heritage.This paper based on field research and the results of previous studies, used version study, comparative research and depth interview method, also combined with folklore, folk arts, culture industry, etc, described the process of modern urbanization in shadow play. Introduction is told from the origin of the topics, research contents and current research. The first chapter briefly told about the history and the ups and downs of shadow play, which had been the product of farming culture in ancient China. The second chapter based on the history of the shadow play’s social function, discussed the necessity of shadow play’s transformation with the acceleration of urbanization process, which under the background of structural and the folk cultural change nowadays from the perspective of urban development and cultural features. The third chapter based on the fieldwork, seeking for the urbanization process in the development path, method and reason, and the cultural interpretation in Beijing and Shanghai shadow play for these years, then explore the art of shadow play from the rural areas, turn into towns and cities and finally show the new forms after combined with fashion urban culture, turn up the features which under the new cultural environment along with reformed differ

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