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节目语用学视野下跨文化类电视访谈节目会话考察

发布时间: 2012-8-11


预读:节目语用学视野下跨文化类电视访谈节目会话考察
论文中文摘要:本论文针对跨文化类电视访谈节目,以语用学角度对其会话进行比较全面的考察和浅析。跨文化类电视访谈节目涉及到采访、话题、语境、文化习俗等内容,在我国的汉语环境下,此类节目的主持人有的以外语(主要为英语)作为与嘉宾对话沟通的语码,有的以汉语作为与嘉宾进行对话的语码。根据对跨文化访谈节目的定位,本论文选取我国几档著名的跨文化电视访谈节目——《高端访问》、《对话》、《文明之旅》和《杨澜访谈录》,以中选取案例浅析。通过对节目中视频对话转写进行比较全面的考察,然后浅析其会话语境、会话结构以及主持人语用对策。文章首先对相关探讨的近况进行综述,第一章主要介绍了跨文化类访谈节目的跨学科特点,说明了对其进行语用学探讨的必要性。第二章对跨文化类访谈节目语境的特点,尤其是主持人与嘉宾双方的文化背景,以及会话时的情景语境均作了详细的介绍和浅析,第三章考察和浅析了此类访谈节目会话结构的主要因素(话元、话轮和话对)、结构特点以及连贯机制,第四章主要以语用能力和语用对策两个方面探讨此类节目主持人应具备的专业素质。国内电视传播中的会话探讨尚处于起步阶段,其进展前景十分广阔。这一课题的探讨涉及语用学、认知心理学、广播电视传媒等领域。语料的丰富、探讨角度的多元化、以及主持人语言在新媒体时代下的特点,都显示了相关探讨的现实作用和语用价值。

【English Abstract】 This article is focus on the cross-cultural TV talk show, from the pragmatic perspective to investigateand analysis its conversation comprehensively. The cross-cultural TV talk show is relate to interviews,topic, context and cultural customs etc, in the Chinese environment,some of this kind comperes are useforeign language (Engpsh is mainly) to communicate with guest, while some are apply Chinese tocommunication.On the basis of the cross-culture talk show’s orientation, this article is select a fewfamous cross-cultural TV talk show in China:" High Dialogue Access"、" Dialogue "、and " Journeyof Civipzation"、" Interview with Yang Lan", among them to choose some cases to analysis.According to investigate the dialogue rolpng it out in program comprehensively, then, analyzes itsconversation context, structure and compere’s pragmatic strategy.This article is summarize the situation of related present research firstly, the first chapter is mainly tointroduce the interdiscippnary characteristic of cross-culture TV talk show. The second chapter is aim tothe context character of cross-culture TV show, especially, to introduce and analysis the culturalbackground of guest and host, and the situational context in conversation, The third chapter is inspectedand analyzed the main factors of structure in this kind of TV talk show (conversational double,conversational turn, conversational unit),structure features and coherent mechanism,The fourth chapteris mainly to discuss this kinds of hosts’ s professional quapties from pragmatic abipty and pragmaticstrategy.The research of domestic TV transmission’s conversation is in the beginning period; its prospect ofdeveloping is very widely. The research of this topic is relate to the language apppcation of pnguistics,cognitive psychology, radio and television media and other fields, while this topic across to collectabundant language materials, the multiple research views, and the character of language in the new mediaage to reflect the reapstic significance and pragmatic value.

【关键词】 语用学; 跨文化; 电视访谈节目; 会话特点;
【Key words】 Pragmatics; Cross-cultural; TV Chat Show; Conversation Feature;
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