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利益影视作品著作权利益分享机制

发布时间: 2012-1-7


预读:分享机制的不足。通过探讨影视作品著作权利益分享的平衡论述,阐述外国及地区影视作品著作权的利益分享规则,通过法律比较浅析法、归纳浅析法,分别对版权法系统与作者权法系统的代表国家相关法律规定进行归纳总结,以为我国著作权法提供适宜的法律借鉴。在我国法律传统以及社会经济和影视产业进展基础之上,根据我们著作权法所遵利益影视作品著作权利益分享机制
论文中文摘要:影视作品是指通过一定方式固定于任何介质之上,由一系列有伴音或无伴音的相关活动画面组成,并且借助适当装置放映或者以其他方式播放的作品。在著作权法中,围绕影视作品的创作、传播以及利用行为可以产生与之相关的有着各自不同利益的众多利益分享者。这些利益分享者以总体上看是著作权人及邻接权人与社会公众之间的利益;以历程上看是创作者的利益、作品传播者的利益以及作品利用者的利益;以实践中看,是投资者的利益、作者的利益、传播企业的利益、最终消费者的利益以及社会其他公众的利益。一部影视作品不仅有经济利益的分享,还有精神利益的分享,而这些反映在法律框架下,都是法律对利益的分配。以平衡论的角度看,著作权法就是要在作品的创造、传播及利用历程中实现权利主体利益上的平衡。我国著作权法在涉及影视作品利益分享机制的设计,有着着法律定义不清晰、法律联系不明确、权利限制过于僵硬等实际不足,而这些直接影响了我国影视作品的创作、传播与利用,不能够达到良好的利益平衡效果,由此有必要对我国著作权法中影视作品利用分享机制的具体内容进行深入探讨,以求更好地实现著作权法的立法宗旨。本论文首先对影视作品利益分享机制中的关键不足进行探讨,明确了影视作品利益分享的对象以及权利内容,同时对影视作品的利益分享主体进行讨论,阐明影视作品在利益分享中的特殊性以及复杂性,力求将整个影视作品著作权的利益分享脉络清晰地呈现出来。然后对我国影视作品利益分享机制的近况及不足进行探讨,以论述与实践角度关注我国利益分享机制的不足。通过探讨影视作品著作权利益分享的平衡论述,阐述外国及地区影视作品著作权的利益分享规则,通过法律比较浅析法、归纳浅析法,分别对版权法系统与作者权法系统的代表国家相关法律规定进行归纳总结,以为我国著作权法提供适宜的法律借鉴。在我国法律传统以及社会经济和影视产业进展基础之上,根据我们著作权法所遵守的利益分享基础论述的辩证浅析,作出坚持影视作品的私人利益与公共利益间的利益平衡的传统法理选择,同时又吸收权利弱化与利益分享论述中弱化权利人禁止权的法理深思,以此为我国影视作品著作权利益分享机制提供法理基础。最后面对我国《著作权法》规定中涉及影视作品的利益分享机制的近况与不足,结合两大法系的立法经验,提出具体的立法倡议,改善我国影视作品著作权利益分享具体规则:第一,明晰影视作品著作权人与原作作品著作权人的利益联系;第二,围绕“制片者”的定义,清晰影视作品著作权的权利归属;第三,强化创作者及表演者的平等酬劳权,平衡经济利益;第四,调整著作权权利限制条款,保障社会公众与影视作品权利主体间的利益平衡。如此,在我国《著作权法》的框架下,我们就能够使影视作品的利益分享方面有一个更为合理与改善的分享机制,既兼顾到各方利益,推动影视产业的繁荣进展,又使更多的影视作品得到最充分地传播与利用,丰富社会公众的精神文化。

【English Abstract】 Film and television works fixed in any media above a certain way, by a series of sound or no sound related activities screen, and With the appropriate devices screened or otherwise disseminating the works. In copyright law, focusing on film and television works of creation, dissemination and utipzation behavior associated with many different interests can generate benefit-sharer. These interests are the interests of Copyright holders and Neighboring Right Owners and the pubpc on the whole. From the process, they are the interests of creators and the interests of the communicators of the work and interests of users of the work. In practice, they are the investors’interests, the interests of the author, the spread of business interests, the interests of final consumers, and other social pubpc interests. A film and television works not only the sharing of economic benefits, as well as the sharing of the spiritual interests, as reflected in the legal framework, are legal interests of the allocation.From the balance on the point of view, copyright law is in the works of creation, dissemination and use of the process on the rights of the main interests of balance. Copyright Law in the design of benefit-sharing mechanisms involved in film and television works, there are not clear in legal definition or relationship, pmitation of rights is too rigid and other practical problems, and these directly affect the creation of China’s film and television works, dissemination and utipzation can not achieve a good balance of interest effect. Therefore we have the specific content of the need for film and television works in-depth discussion of China’s Copyright Law-sharing mechanism.First of all to study key issues in film and television works of the benefit-sharing mechanisms, Objects as well as the rights of the content of clear benefit-sharing of film and television works, At the same time to discuss the benefit-sharer of the interests of film and television works to clarify the specificity and complexity of the film and television works in the benefit-sharing, seek to benefit-sharing of film and television works copyright context clearly revealed. And then discuss the current situation and problems of China’s film and television work benefit-sharing mechan

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