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节目《艺术人生》与《咏乐汇》会话 比较

发布时间: 2009-9-25


预读:节目《艺术人生》与《咏乐汇》会话 比较
论文中文摘要:自2000年开始,著名的主持人朱军主持的《艺术人生》在****电视台播出,这一档温情的谈话类节目开播至今,为观众展示了不同艺术家的艺术历程,也为其他电视谈话类节目的制作提供了新的视角。《咏乐会》于2008年首次在央视播出,由李咏主持,秉承“每个人都是自己的英雄,每个人都有自己的传奇”这一节目宗旨,在推出的短短几年中,以其独特的形式和视角,让人耳目一新。本论文通过会话浅析的策略,对《艺术人生》和《咏乐会》两个谈话节目进行了比较探讨,试图找出两个节目不同风格形成的理由,也试图探寻出两位名嘴所主持的谈话类节目的语言运用规律及结构方式。首先通过对两个节目整体结构的比较,找出节目在开端、主体及结尾方面的不同点。两个节目的基调在节目开始时就奠定了,开场方式各有不同,主体部分的比较在下文中进行了详细的诠释,结尾处《咏乐会》较《艺术人生》更加随意。其次对两个节目的局部细节结构进行了比较。在话题的选择、发起方式及语篇的连贯方式上有所不同,《艺术人生》侧重对话题的深度挖掘,主持人牢牢地制约住了话题,话题衔接紧密,而《咏乐会》话题选择相比较较自由,主持人和嘉宾都可以发起话题,话题的衔接采取了多种方式;同时在话轮及话轮的转换上也有着显著差别,《艺术人生》话轮较长,采取毗邻双部式的对答结构,话轮转换方式比较单一,《咏乐会》话轮较短,采取毗邻多部式的对答结构,话轮转换方式灵活多样,两个节目的话语打断的理由也有所不同。这是文章的主体部分,通过对语料的浅析,我们可以看出两个节目不同风格的形成理由。再次对两位主持人朱军和李咏的主持风格进行了比较,分别以形象、语言、体态语三个方面进行了浅析,可以看出主持人的风格对节目风格的影响。最后通过以上对语料的详细浅析,试图以节目定位、话题选择、主持人角色定位和语境手段的利用上找出《艺术人生》辉煌至今和《咏乐会》开播两年多却草草收场的理由。

【English Abstract】 <Art Life> is a program of conversation in CCTV, the premiere time is2000and the host is Zhu Jun. The program shows different artists’pfe to audience and provides a new view to other talk shows in producing.<Gathering joy by Li Yong> is also a program of conversation in CCTV, the premiere time is2008, the host is Li Yong, and the aim of this program is "everyone is his own hero, everyone has his own legend. During a few short years, this program refreshed us by its unique form and perspective.In this paper, I compare these two programs by the method of discourse analysis in order to find the differences of the program styles and to know the rules of language using and the structure mode of the two programs.At first, I find the differences of the beginning, the main part and the end of the two programs by comparing the overall structure. Through the comparative analysis, we know the program style is determined at the beginning by different opening ways, and the comparison of the main part is interpreted in the following part. The end of the <Gathering Joy by Li Yong> is freer than the part of<Art Life>.Then I compare the main parts of the two programs in details. They have differences in topic choosing, initiating and coherent ways,<Art Life> is focus on the depth of topic, the host controls the topic strictly, and the topic is joined closely, but the topic choosing of <Gathering Joy by Li Yong> is more free, the host and the guest both can initiate the topics and using many ways to join them; they also have differences in turns and turn taking, the turn of <Art Life> is long than <Gathering Joy by Li Yong>, and they use different ask-answer structure, turn taking ways and interrupting ways. This is the key part of the paper, through the analyzing of the pnguistic data, we can find why the two program have different styles.Third, I compare the hosting styles of the two hosts through the figure, oral language and body language in order to find how the hosting style affects the program style.At the end, I try to find why the <Art Life> is more successful than <Gathering Joy by Li Yong> from four points:program positioning, topic choosing, host positioning and language environment using.

【关键词】 会话结构; 话题; 话轮; 主持风格;
【Key words】 discourse analysis; topic; talk turn; hosting style;
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