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造型艺术影视艺术对经典造型艺术形式美的扬弃

发布时间: 2010-7-19


预读:造型艺术影视艺术对经典造型艺术形式美的扬弃
论文中文摘要:本论文以影视为核心,以美术、工艺美术、摄影和动画的画面语言元素为探讨基础,梳理了现代影像画面造型的基础语言系统。本论文将主要“依靠画面说话”的艺术分为两类:一是绘画、摄影等经典造型艺术,建筑、雕塑等只作为旁证材料;二是动态的影视艺术和动画艺术。文章以经典造型艺术的外在形式美讲起,通过对于具体经典造型艺术作品的解读,抽象化为经典造型艺术形式美的一般法则,直到现代美学对于形式美的论述总结。在概括经典造型艺术形式美的基础上,叙事元素在静态造型艺术中开始出现,这对于经典造型艺术的进展绝对是一种进步。伴随着摄影术的发明,摄影艺术凭借纪实手法和光影等技艺独舞于艺术之林。相似的造型特点,即对于瞬间动作的把握,单凭这一点来说,尽管加入了现代科技的手段,不过摄影艺术跟传统的绘画等经典造型艺术还是要走得近一些。乃至到了专题摄影的出现,人们开始将多幅照片连续起来欣赏,以而赋予了摄影艺术叙事的特点。这一点,以某种作用上来说,已经是在向动态的影视艺术过渡了。现代影视艺术在独有的美学法则蒙太奇的规范下,形成了充满个性的形式美。毕竟与经典造型艺术有着血肉相承的联系,影视艺术的形式美虽有个性,却同样有着与经典造型艺术相似的审美法则。简言之,影视艺术的进展就是对经典造型艺术的形式美不断扬弃的历程,扬的是审美法则,弃的是只符合经典造型艺术的审美,而动态造型和叙事要求影视艺术必须要予以舍弃。通过对于经典造型艺术和现代影视艺术的探讨,最后得出这样一个结论:几千年沉淀下来的格式塔理念和点、线、面、色彩、肌理、骨骼等画面形式美的语言是永恒的,这就是画面艺术形式美的基本法则。对于相似选题的探讨,国内外的探讨基本上都是围绕经典造型艺术和影视摄影艺术分开来进行探讨的,探讨画面无非就是用光、色彩、构图等画面的基本构成要素,米特里在《电影美学和心理学》中借用格式塔心理学的审美知觉整体论原理探讨镜头、彩色、音乐、蒙太奇等电影元素,却并没有对影视动态画面和经典造型艺术静态画面的联系进行探讨,由此也就缺乏更深层次的论述探讨。张艺谋、冯小刚等第五代导演虽然会用造型蒙太奇叙事,但他们仅仅是这一论述的践行者,而并没有对这种论述进行过深入的总结。本论文的最大作用在于,通过对于画面艺术形式美法则的概括总结,给人们的艺术审美树立了一个标本。即把静态的经典造型艺术和动态的影视艺术放在一起进行探讨,以二者的延承中探讨形式美的规律,既有历史的纵深感,又有横向的比较,把握住了二者之间的联系,也就领略了画面基础语言的真谛,以而提升影视造型水平。总之,梳理现代影像画面造型的基础语言系统,以便于大众学习,是本论文探讨的最终目的。

【English Abstract】 This paper will mainly" rely on images." art is divided into two categories: one is thepainting, photography and other classical arts, architecture, sculpture and other only asreferences; but a dynamic film and television art. The article from the classical artistic formalbeauty of the external stresses, through the classical art works, summary of classical art formsthe general rule, until the modern aesthetics to form beautiful theory summary. In this classicstyle art form based on beauty, narrative elements in static modepng art in appearance, to classicart development can say to go up absolutely is a kind of progress. With the invention ofphotography, photography art with its unique artistic charm of dance in the art circle, but similarmodepng features, namely for instant action to grasp, and this alone, although joined the modernscience and technology means, but the art of photography with the traditional painting andclassical art or to go nearly a few. And the photo appeared, people started several photoscontinuous up, thus giving the photographic art narrative characteristics. And this, in a sense, hasbeen to dynamic film and television art transition. In modern film and television art picture andsound evaluation from two aspects of film and television art, in particular the aesthetic rulesmontage standard, formed a personapty full of the beauty of form. But after all and classical arthave flesh for film and television art beauty of form, although have personapty, but also withclassical art similar aesthetic law. Simple words, the development of film and television art is theclassic form of form beauty of discarding process, Yang is the aesthetic principle, abandon isonly conform to the classical art aesthetic, and dynamic modepng must be discarded.The classic art and modern film and television art discussion, finally draw such a conclusion:for thousands of years of sedimentation from the Gestalt idea and point, pne, plane, color, texture,such as bone picture form beautiful language is eternal, this is the picture of the basic law ofartistic beauty of form. For the similar research topic, the domestic and foreign research basicallyis centered around the classical plastic arts and the art of film photography are studied separately,on the screen is nothing more than a pght, color, composition and the picture of the basic elements,

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