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试议美术乱象与主流

发布时间: 2008-9-5


预读:各种社会思潮以及“本土化”、“国际化”创作思想,则构成了台湾当代美术的精神性结构。台湾当代美术在主流化的进程中,出现了如传统文化的衰落、本土价值观的缺失、艺术潮流的急速转向、创作中的泛政治化倾向等等不足,这一方面反映出台湾当代美术在西方后殖民文化冲击下显现出的传统根底薄弱的不足;另一方面也反映出台湾当代试议美术乱象与主流
论文中文摘要:本论文以台湾当代美术的文化生态为探讨内容,以政府机制、民间资本、精神态势为浅析重点,按照时间顺序梳理台湾当代美术进展变化的前因后果,论述台湾当代美术主流化的历程,提出其有着的不足和困境,并寻找其根本理由。台湾当代美术兴起于“政治革新”前后,这并非巧合,而是两者有着着直接的关联。“政治革新”导致政治权威的弱化和崩解,社会运动得以蓬勃开展,各种社会思潮和美术思潮汹涌而起,这些前提为当代美术的兴起提供了社会基础和思想基础。由于深受社会政治环境和经济环境剧烈变动的影响,台湾当代美术在文化上激烈地反抗权威,否定旧的意识形态,批判社会现象,在美术形态和创作主张上变得多元、混杂,充满了前卫的意味。这种多元化和前卫态势,是政府机制、民间资本以及前卫艺术家共同推动的结果。官方机构的推动、民间资本的支持以及批判精神的兴起,构成台湾当代美术文化生态的主要结构。作为社会性结构的政府机制与民间资本在台湾当代美术的进展中,起到至关重要的作用。政府机制通过文化政策、美术馆体制、美术教育等方面推动当代美术主流化的进程;民间资本对当代美术主流化的支持则通过财团资助、艺术市场以及画廊和画会的活跃得以实现;文化批判、各种社会思潮以及“本土化”、“国际化”创作思想,则构成了台湾当代美术的精神性结构。台湾当代美术在主流化的进程中,出现了如传统文化的衰落、本土价值观的缺失、艺术潮流的急速转向、创作中的泛政治化倾向等等不足,这一方面反映出台湾当代美术在西方后殖民文化冲击下显现出的传统根底薄弱的不足;另一方面也反映出台湾当代美术创作缺乏深刻的思想和必要的积淀,无根性及体制化是其最主要理由。就目前来看,对于区域美术的文化生态不足探讨尚处于初始阶段,相关资料和论著还十分缺乏。笔者希望借此论文,对台湾当代美术的文化生态不足作初步探讨,并期望这一探讨能够引起国内美术史论家的关注。

【English Abstract】 My study in this thesis is the culture environment of the contemporary fine-arts in Taiwan. We coordinate the cause and effect about the progress and the variation of the contemporary fine-arts in Taiwan according to the time sequence by the emphasis analysis on the influence of the government system, the fettle and of the civipan capital. We discussed in this paper the process and the reason of mainstreampzation of the contemporary fine-arts in Taiwan, and pointed out the problem and the difficulty, and found out its ultimate reason.Taiwan’s contemporary fine-arts raise at about the time of "poptical renovation". It is not by coincidence, but there is a direct relationship of both. The "poptical renovation" resulted in the ebb and collapse of the government’s authority, and also the social movement vigorously developed. Along with the coming forth of all kinds of ethos typically the ethos of fine-arts, those factors provided the social foundation and the basic thinking for the rise of the contemporary fine-arts. Deeply influenced by the social poptical environment and by the up-and-down of the economic condition, Taiwan’s contemporary fine-arts against the authority intensely in their culture, negate the old ideology, animadvert on the social phenomenon, thus it became multiform, miscellany and full of the advance means in the art form and the creational contestation. This situation of multiform and advance is the result of the together force given by the government system, civipan capital and the frontier artist.The drive of the official organ, the support of the civipan capital and the rise of the criticism mainly constitute the culture of the contemporary fine-arts in Taiwan. The most important two factors of the development of Taiwan’s contemporary fine-arts are the civipan capital and the government system as a social frame. The government system promote it the course of mainstreampzation by the control of the culture popcy, art gallery system and the art education; while the civipan capital reapzed their support on the contemporary fine-arts in such a way of consortium imbursement, flourishing the art gallery and art market; the criticism on the culture, all the ethos and the creational idea such as "locapzation" and "internationapzation", make up of the spirituapty.In the process of its mainstreampzation, there exist many problems of Taiwan’s contemporary fine-arts such as the decpne of the traditional culture, the lack of native value, rapidity turning of the art tide, the tendency of extensive poptics in creation. These are the reflection of the fact that it shows the weakness of its traditional elements under the impact of the western

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