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阐述文艺复兴文艺复兴观念、建筑原理和美术风格

发布时间: 2012-3-7


预读:nd Palladio. The work is consisted of three parts, the first part discusses Alberti’s program of the centrally planned church and its symbopc significance. The second one introduces the educational environment and the influences of humanist Trissino and Barbaro on his architectural style and theory阐述文艺复兴文艺复兴观念、建筑原理和美术风格
论文中文摘要:本论文主要介绍了20世纪三位著名艺术史家潘诺夫斯基、维特科夫尔与沃尔论述文艺复兴艺术的三部著作。潘诺夫斯基的《西方艺术中的文艺复兴与历次复兴》论证了文艺复兴本身及其与中世纪几次复兴,特别是加洛林复兴和12世纪复兴的区别;14世纪意大利绘画及其对欧洲其他地区的影响,着重强调了乔托和杜乔所取得的新成就;雕塑、建筑与绘画中古典主义与自然主义的进展,强调这个时期意大利艺术与尼德兰艺术的联系以及人文主义学问和柏拉图主义运动的影响。 维特科夫尔的《人文主义时代的建筑原理》论证了古典思潮对于文艺复兴时期与人文主义圈子联系密切的建筑师的影响,特别是对于当时最伟大的论述家阿尔贝蒂和帕拉迪奥的影响。全文由三个部分构成,论述了阿尔贝蒂的集中式教堂设计及其宗教象征作用;介绍了帕拉迪奥的教育环境及其对建筑风格和论述的重要影响,并通过帕拉迪奥的的建筑实践,别墅建筑、府邸及公共建筑来浅析他的建筑原理;最后全面地论述了文艺复兴时期建筑比例论述。 沃尔的《意大利文艺复兴艺术的风格不足》重新定义了意大利文艺复兴艺术风格,着重强调了文艺复兴艺术的装饰性。该论著分七个部分展开,交****作背景;回顾15世纪艺术中定义风格的不足;追踪绘画的装饰原则与古典修辞学论述的联系:探究装饰古典风格浮雕与文艺复兴绘画整体原则的含意;说明了1470年代至1520年代装饰古典风格的进展;拓宽对于其他材料的探讨以及文艺复兴时期的装饰风格类型;表明15世纪初至16世纪末期间装饰原则的变迁。这三位文艺复兴学者思想的交织为我们提供了对于文艺复兴艺术观念的多方位了解。

【English Abstract】 The dissertation briefly discusses the works on Renaissance art by three famous art historians in the 20th century, Panofsky, Wittkower and Hellmut Wohl. The subjects of chapters 1 and 2 of Renaissance and Renascences in Western Art by Panofsky deal with the questions as to whether there was such a thing as the Renaissance and , if so, in what manner it different from the mediaeval revivals, especially those of the Caropngian renovatio and that of the twelfth century. The content of the third chapter concerned with Itapan Trecento painting and its impact on the rest of Europe, especially the innovations brought about by Giotto and Duccio. The last chapter discusses the development of classicism and naturapsm in sculpture and architecture as well as in painting, and emphasizes the relationships between Itapan and Netherlandish art during the period, stresses the influence of humanist learning and of the Platonist movement.Rudolf Wittkower’s Architectural Principles in the Age of Humanism shows the meaning of classical trends of thought for those architects of the Renaissance who had close ties with humanist circles, especially the two greatest theorists of the periods, Alberti and Palladio. The work is consisted of three parts, the first part discusses Alberti’s program of the centrally planned church and its symbopc significance. The second one introduces the educational environment and the influences of humanist Trissino and Barbaro on his architectural style and theory, and illustrates his architectural principles by analyzing the planning of his villas, palaces and pubpc buildings. In the last part, Wittkower generally researches the problem of harmonic proportion in Renaissance architecture.In The Aesthetics of Itapan Renaissance Art: A Reconsideration of Style, Hellmut Wohl redefines style in Itapan Renaissance art and emphasizes the decoration and ornamentation of Renaissance art, discusses the background of the writing; the problem of defining style in the art of the quattrocento; the relationship between the principle of ornateness in painting and the ornate style in the classical theory of rhetoric; the imppcations of the principle of repef in the ornate classical style and in Renaissance painting as a whole; the developments of the ornate classical style from 1470s to 1520s; the other materials and the Renaissance types of ornament; the transformations of the principles of omateness between the early quattrocento and the later cinquecento. These works will help us to understand the Renaissance art in different viewpoints.

【关键词】 文艺复兴; 潘诺夫斯基; 维特科夫尔; 沃尔;
【Key words】 Renaissance; Panofsky; Wittkower; Wohl;
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