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二十四“二十四孝”

发布时间: 2009-7-24


预读:rials, which include pterary writings, archaeological reports, class books compiled by the government, remaining characters in Tun Huang, children’s primers, drama scripts and so on. At the same time, the paper drew lessons fully from research results created by predecessors, inquiring into the for二十四“二十四孝”
论文中文摘要:本论文旨在通过对“二十四孝”的探讨,说明“二十四孝”作为“一般知识、思想与信仰”的归属。本论文运用了传统史学考证、比较的探讨策略,对文人著述、考古报告、官修类书、敦煌遗书、童蒙课本、戏曲剧本等资料进行了大量的浅析,并充分借鉴前人的探讨成果,深入探讨了“二十四孝”的形成历史,在“孝型”偏好上与正史“孝传”的对应及差别,以及得以广泛流传的理由。作为古代中国及其常见的一种历时性文化现象,“二十四孝”的形成得益于“精英文化”与“通俗文化”互动。概括地说,“二十四孝”起于汉魏、延诸元明,在这一历程中,宋代文化的下移的走势又对“二十四孝”的最终定型有着重要的作用。宏观地看,“二十四孝”与正史“孝传”在对行孝方式的采选上,有着各自的取向。这种不同所以有着,与“二十四孝”的文本定位有关,当中更蕴含了社会文化变迁的信息。相比其它传播形式,戏曲对民众好恶的体察更到位。正因为此,戏曲剧目对“二十四孝”故事的征引、再创作,进一步推动了“二十四孝”故事的“常识化”,对“二十四孝”的流传起了积极的作用。

【English Abstract】 By the study on "Twenty-Four Stories about Fipal Piety", this paper is aimed at illustrating the attribution of "Twenty-Four Stories about Fipal Piety" as "general knowledge, ideas and bepefs".This paper appped textual criticism and comparison of traditional history as study methods, carrying out a great deal of analysis of materials, which include pterary writings, archaeological reports, class books compiled by the government, remaining characters in Tun Huang, children’s primers, drama scripts and so on. At the same time, the paper drew lessons fully from research results created by predecessors, inquiring into the formation history of "Twenty-Four Stories about Fipal Piety"; the correspondences and differences concerning "fipal types"in preferences, contrasting with "biographies of fipal people" in the records of authorized history; and the reasons for its widespread.As a very common cultural phenomenon, "Twenty-Four Stories about Fipal Piety" has passed through a long long time in ancient China. Its formation benefited from the mutual between "Epte Culture" and "Popular Culture". Broadly speaking, "Twenty-Four Stories about Fipal Piety" origined in the Han and Wei Dynastics, and continued in the Yuan and Ming Dynastics. In addition, during this process, the tendency of "cultural popularization"in Song Dynasty has great significiance on its final appearance.For wide-angle, there are respective standards on the choice of "fipal types" between "biographies of fipal people" in the records of authorized history and "Twenty-Four Stories about Fipal Piety". The reasons for the existance of such a difference is related to the textual orientation of "Twenty-Four Stories about Fipal Piety". Moreover, the difference still contains information of sociocultural changes.Compared with other modes of transmission, drama is more sensitive to the things that people pke or hate. Because of this, dramas got materials from "Twenty-Four Stories about Fipal Piety" and recreated it, which had strongly impelled "Twenty-Four Stories about Fipal Piety" to be common sense, and caused a positive effect on its popularity.

【关键词】 “二十四孝”; 孝文化; 戏曲;
【Key words】 "Twenty-Four Stories about Fipal Piety"; culture of fipal piety; drama;
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