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洛阳城市与文学

发布时间: 2010-1-17


预读:洛阳城市与文学
论文中文摘要:本论文是城市与文学的交叉探讨,以城市为视角,以两汉魏晋南北朝这一时段为考察对象,阐述了城市与文学的密切联系。全文主要由上下篇组成,上篇论述城市与文人的联系,下篇浅析具体文学作品,共分八章。第一章叙述了两汉魏晋南北朝时期城市的进展历史,浅析了我国古代城市的主要特点,政治性始终是其最突出的属性。第二章探讨了城市与文人活动的联系。城市通过政治资源转化为文化资源,文学中心的转移通常是在都城之间流动。以东晋以来,文学重心逐渐以中原转移到了江南。本论文浅析了城市中的文学集团与文学家族,探讨了文人在城市的生活方式,文人之间的对话极大地推动了文学的进展。第三章浅析了城市生活对文人心态的影响,阐述了城市形象的变迁。城市的兴起是文明的象征,东汉末年政治形势不断恶化,文人与皇权渐渐疏离,纷纷离开都城,自谋出路。随着个人意识的觉醒,城市形象逐渐堕落。文人在城市中常感焦虑,城市即尘世,充满喧哗与嘈杂,游子视其为他乡,缺乏归属感。寒士在城市饱受冷眼,独自品尝繁华背后的寂凉。第四章探讨了文人对城市与山林的复杂情感,浅析了城市与山林的矛盾与调和。文人对城市的态度是微妙的,他们永远都在江湖与魏阙之间徘徊。体现在空间上,便是在城市与山林之间徘徊。园林的兴起缓解了文人的焦虑,调和了城市与山水的矛盾,朝隐成为诗意无限的生活方式。第五章论述了京都赋与城市文化的联系。探讨了迁都赋中的长安、洛阳形象,长安突出霸者的风范,洛阳则显出王者的气度。京都赋具有庙堂气息,极力突出帝都凌百王而独高的特点。张衡《二京赋》对世俗生活描绘颇多,显现出了京都赋以宫廷向市井的转变。京都赋的描写逐渐趋于真实,皇居与民居的特点并立。张衡《二京赋》充满了矛盾与冲突,是作者个人多重人格的显现,也是现实社会的折射。第六章阐述了乐府诗的城市文化内涵。汉乐府诗全面展现了汉代城市生活情况,在反映城市生活的深度上较京都赋更胜一筹。魏晋乐府多文人作品,展现了贵游子弟快意无比的城市生活。梁陈诗人热衷于长安、洛阳双城意象,《洛阳道》、《长安道》以道路为联结,展现了洛阳、长安的城市风情。梁陈文人重新拼贴了洛阳、长安的影像,建构了他们心目中的理想城市形象,也展现了内心隐性的渴望。第七章论述了吴歌、西曲与城市文化的联系。吴歌、西曲原是流传于委巷的世俗新声,是城市商业繁荣的产物,以城市为策源地。列为乐官后,成为诗乐舞三位一体的表演艺术,多在豪门宴享、倡馆酒楼表演。吴歌、西曲可谓是南朝的流行歌曲,其创作具有职业化的特点,多由职业歌伎演唱。吴歌、西曲中女子敢爱但不爱恨,是由其商品性决定的,虽以女子口吻道出,却体现了男性的审美趣味。第八章阐述了《洛阳伽蓝记》中的城市文化内涵。《洛阳伽蓝记》以记北魏洛阳寺庙为纲,展开对洛阳的全方位描绘,《洛阳伽蓝记》继承了京都赋的语言艺术和主旨。本论文浅析了《洛阳伽蓝记》中的洛阳形象,洛阳是华夏文明的象征,是帝王之宅、礼仪之邦。洛阳也是众人之城,杨衒之精心刻划了市民群像,体现出深切的人文关怀。本论文并论述了《洛阳伽蓝记》多维的时空观。

【English Abstract】 This dissertation aims to discourse upon the relationship between city and leterature,focus on Han to South and North Dynasty.. consists of two parts.The first part analyzes the relationship of city and pterati..the second parts discuss city calpgraph.this paper has eight chapter.The first chapter introduce the city development situation during the period of Han to South and North Dynasty.and poptical is the remarkable characteristics of Chinese ancient city.The second chapter discuss on relationship of city and pterati pfe.ancient has unque poptical resourses these poptical resourses can tranfer to culture resourses.form East jin Dynasty pterature tranfer form Zhong Yuan to Jiang Nan pttle by pttle.The third chapter elaborates the question that how about the city pfe affected the pterati mentapty. This text expounded the vicissitude of city image. The rise of city is the symbol of civipzation. City was the happy place that people looking forward to during the period of Shi Jing(诗经).Mountain forest(山林) was the synonym of dangerous until Han Dynasty. While the poptical situation became deteriorating since later period of East Han Dynasty,Literati were disppointed and separated with imperial power, they left the capital and went to other places in order to fend for themselves. Natural aesthetics were gradually on the rise, and the images of city became more and more deteriorated. Literati who pving in city always feel anxious. The city fell upon hubbub and restlessness. The wanderers took city as foreign land which short of warmness and security. Scholars were contempted in the city.The fouth chapter focus on pterati’s complex emotion on city and Mountain forest.They has complex attitudes on city.looking forward to pve in mountain. They wandered between city and nature forever.personal garden show up in East Jin Dyansty.beatiful landscape ease their anxiety.pterati can enjoy landscape on theirselves garden.Zhao Yin(朝隐)became a poetry pfe style..The fifh chapter discusses on the relationship between Jingdu Fu(京都赋) and city culture. Jingdu Fu focused on emperor palace, expanding the deception on the whole capital. Du Du’s Lun Du Fu (迁都赋)arouse the dispute of shifting capital, and

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