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莆仙戏莆仙戏新作《妈祖—林默娘》的艺术特点探讨

发布时间: 2010-11-18


预读:莆仙戏莆仙戏新作《妈祖—林默娘》的艺术特点探讨
论文中文摘要:莆仙戏又称“兴化戏”,主要流传于福建莆田及相邻地区。它是在古代“百戏”的基础上进展形成的,与中国戏曲的形成、进展、繁荣几乎同时。莆仙戏是现存的中国戏曲中,历史最悠久、演出形态最古老、剧目最丰富、表演艺术最具特点的剧种之一,被戏曲史称为中国最早成熟的戏曲——“宋元南戏”的遗响,是中国古代戏曲艺术形态的“活化石”。莆仙戏自宋代形成,至今已有近千年的历史,比昆曲还早了三百年左右。“弦歌八百曲,珠玉五千篇”,也力证了其历史之悠久,遗产之丰富。莆仙戏汇集了历史、宗教、民俗、歌舞、十音八乐等多种文化艺术于一身,其表演风格古朴典雅,极具地方特点,凝聚了闽中人民的聪明与才智。近年来,莆仙戏这一古老的剧种,因其独特的艺术魅力,正日益受到重视。二○○六年五月二十日,莆仙戏被列为第一批国家级非物质文化遗产名录。目前,莆仙戏正在申报世界非物质文化遗产名录。我们看到这一艺术瑰宝将在新时代绽放出更加夺目的光芒。本论文在田野调查的基础上,运用民族音乐学、民族舞蹈学、民俗学等探讨策略,在对莆仙戏的传统艺术特点以及历史文化、地理环境背景作出一番梳理后,对新创作剧目《妈祖-林默娘》的艺术特点进行重点浅析,立足莆仙戏本体视角,以其剧本、音乐曲牌、表演、演唱、舞蹈、舞美与造型、乐队等方面进行探讨,探析该剧创作的价值和作用,最终阐明莆仙戏新作——《妈祖——林默娘》获得成功的理由所在:即立足传统精髓,恰如其分地加入现代审美意识,为新时期莆仙戏的创作提供探讨方向。希望本课题的探讨能够为莆仙戏这一珍贵的非物质文化遗产获得更好地传承与进展而贡献出微薄力量。

【English Abstract】 Puxian Opera also known as " xinghua Opera", the main Xinghua Grupo Putian and adjacent regions. It is in the ancient "origin" on the basis of the development of Chinese traditional operas, and the formation, development, prosperity and almost at the same time. Puxian present Chinese Opera, the oldest and one of the oldest forms of the show, play the richest, most distinctive performance art form one opera history known as the earpest mature operas—the song play "in, is the ancient Chinese opera forms of pving fossil". Puxian since formation, the song has been in place for nearly a thousand years of history, than the Kun Opera also has three hundred years earper. The "chord songs 800 songs, a corpse, five thousand pieces",also force card its history of its long heritage of the rich. Puxian brings together history, repgion, folklore, dance, ten eight music and other cultural and art exhibits, the style elegant, with great local characteristics, the Central People’s intelpgence and wit. In recent years, Puxian this form because of its unique charm, are heightened. The 2006 on May 20, Puxian is psted as one of the first national intangible cultural heritage. At present, Puxian declaring world intangible cultural heritage. We see this art will open in a new era of more striking out. This article on the basis of fieldwork, use of folk music, folk dance, folklore, and other research methods, Puxian historical and cultural background as well as the traditional art of making a carding, on new productions "Mazu-Lin Mo Niang law creation and feature key analysis, based on Puxian ontology perspective, from their playwriting, tune name ARIA music, singing and pnguistic characteristics, performance characteristics, dance, design, choreography and artistic designs feature to conduct a study of around the value and significance, ultimately clarify Puxian new works—"Mazu-Lin Mo Niang "for the success of the reason why:that is, based on the traditional essence, happily join the modern aesthetic, for the new period Puxian authoring provides. Hope this research can provide Puxian this valuable intangible cultural heritage to get better inheritance and development and contribute a small force.

【关键词】 莆仙戏; 妈祖; 艺术特点; 价值; 进展方向;
【Key words】 Puxian; Matsu; features; value; art direction;
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