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建筑民俗学视野下的祠庙建筑

发布时间: 2009-6-27


预读:s humanbehavior,anthropology,sociology,repgion science,operatic art and so on,in order tofurther understand the ritual architecture and its design theory.This dissertation is divided into the following 1evels:First.depending on 1iteraturematerials,explaining the relationship between the ritual archi建筑民俗学视野下的祠庙建筑
论文中文摘要:祠庙建筑是中国古代建筑的一个重要类型,不但数量众多,分布广泛,种类多样,广泛参与民间社会生活,而且作为村镇聚落中的公共空间,伴随民间社会的信仰实践活动,普遍形成了特定的信仰民俗,构成民间社会的文化景观。然而,这一具有重要价值的建筑类型却没有得到应有的关注,对其组群布局、殿堂配置等建筑形态基本规律的系统探讨尚处于空白状态,更忽略了其与以迎神赛社、演剧祀神等为代表的民俗活动的互动联系,对其空间特点及设计理念等建筑思想更未予以揭示。本论文以此为契机,以民间社会中的祠庙建筑为探讨对象,依托地方志、碑刻等文献材料以及民俗学的田野考察策略,综合运用行为学、人类学、社会学、宗教学、戏曲曲艺学等相关学科的论述和成果,对祠庙建筑的形态规律、基本功能及其空间特点等方面进行揭示,旨在更深入地认识祠庙建筑现象及其设计理念。全文共分为以下几个层次:一,依靠文献材料,说明祠庙建筑与民间信仰的密切联系,并系统整理与其相关的人生礼俗、岁时民俗和信仰民俗,以祠庙建筑选址与村落的联系等方面揭示祠庙建筑与民间社会生活、尤其是公共生活的密切联系;二,通过检视中国古代有关祠庙建筑的概念性认识,同时与佛寺、道观等建筑类型进行比较,并结合对民间信仰系统及其根本特点的浅析,说明祠庙建筑的类型特点;三、在此基础上,结合文献的浅析,总结祠庙建筑“专享配祀制度”及“前朝后寝”的形制制度,并对其崇德报功、神道设教以及信仰实践等基本功能和社会功能进行论述,并呈现祠庙建筑中进行的丰富多彩的信仰活动及社会生活样式;四,围绕普遍有着的演剧祀神民俗,说明演剧与祀神活动的内在关联和互动联系,以演剧活动的仪式功能出发,浅析了祠庙建筑神人同乐的设计理念,并将戏台建筑的多样化形制归结为功能对空间要求的矛盾和礼仪活动与民俗活动的矛盾,不同时代、不同地区的具体社会环境决定了舞台建筑的形制选择;五、以解州关帝庙为例,通过现场观察其中进行的民俗活动类型及其与空间的联系,论述了祠庙建筑献享空间的社会化和娱乐化特点,同时,结合人类学的策略,通过浅析祭祀礼仪活动中的“分享仪式”,对戏剧的供品性质及功能进行了揭示,并对其仪式功能进行了论述,以而说明了戏剧欣赏这一娱乐活动创造祠庙建筑场所宗教性的作用,并说明了祠庙建筑运用社会化手段塑造宗教性的空间特点,为进一步认识祠庙建筑融世俗性与宗教性于一体的空间特点打下了基础。六、联系“礼乐复合”这一方式,对祠庙建筑的空间图示进行提炼概括,并对祠庙建筑所反映出来的中庸思想和人本思想进行了总结论述。

【English Abstract】 Ritual architecture(祠庙建筑),dedicated to ancestors or the heroes and heroines of anation.is an important type of ancient architecture.They are in the numerousquantities.widely distributed.varied.and broadly involved in civil society.Meanwhile,as the pubpc space of settlement,the buildings have shaped the particularbepefs and cultural landscape of civil society through the faith—related activitieshappened there.However,this type of architecture with great value has not beentreated with due seriousness.Research on the basic law of its architectural form is stilla blank.In addition.previous studies ignored the interaction relationship between thearchitecture and the folk activities.The characters of the architecture space and thephilosophy of the design have still not been revealed.So based on local chronicles.ancient inscriptions and fieldwork methods 0f folklore.this dissertation studies theritual architecture in civil society and tries to reveal the law of its architecturemorphology,the basic function and characters of the architecture space bycomprehensive using the theories and results 0f related discippnes such as humanbehavior,anthropology,sociology,repgion science,operatic art and so on,in order tofurther understand the ritual architecture and its design theory.This dissertation is divided into the following 1evels:First.depending on 1iteraturematerials,explaining the relationship between the ritual architecture and folk repgion.reveapng the connection between the ritual architecture and civilpre.particularly theclose pnk with pubpc pre:Second,through the ancient Chinese conception of ritualarchitecture,comparing the Buddhist,Taoist and other building types,combining thefundamental characteristics 0f folk repgion system and its analysis.indicating the typeof ritual architecture characteristics:Third.on this basis.combined with 1iteratureanalysis,summarizing some forill of ritual architecture;Forth,around the commonfolk drama for worship to illustrate the jnherent drama associated with the Ritualactivity and interaction.from the ritual function of drama activities.analyzes thedesign philosophy with the music and the diversity of building shapes attributed to thestage space requirements for the function of the contradictions and ceremonialactivities and folk activities 0f cOntradictiOns.dif-ferent times.difierent region—specificsocial environment determines the stage of construction o

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